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Heatstroke: One of summer’s biggest dangers




The world is gradually getting hotter as a result of global warming, and temperatures in Thailand continue to soar each year.

Heatstroke is a dangerous condition that should not be overlooked. When the body overheats due to prolonged exposure to high temperatures it results in the brain being unable to regulate body temperature, which can cause the body to reach a potentially dangerous temperature greater than 40 degrees Celsius.

Symptoms of heatstroke

  • Cramps
  • Redness in the face and increasing body temperature
  • Extreme thirst, dizziness, and headaches
  • Feeling faint
  • Nausea, shallow breathing, and vomiting
  • Confusion
  • A lack of perspiration despite hot temperatures
  • Dilated pupils, reduced sensitivity, fainting, or a seizure

Basic first aid

Patients suffering from heatstroke should be given urgent medical care, with the main objective of lowering core body temperature.

Basic first aid for patients suspected of experiencing heatstroke comprises removing them from the sun, placing them in a shady, cool environment and attempting to bring their body temperature under control. This can be achieved using a range of techniques, including removing clothing, raising their legs, sprinkling their body with water and fanning them. A cool, damp cloth or an ice pack may be placed around their neck and at the armpits with the same result. Someone should immediately call for medical attention or an ambulance.


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